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Your Ultimate Guide to Conquering Pests and Regaining Control

Annoying Flies In Outdoor Spaces

Imagine this: you’re sitting outside on a lovely summer afternoon, enjoying the warmth of the sun and the gentle breeze. The fresh air fills your lungs as you relax in your favorite outdoor spot. Suddenly, you’re interrupted by the buzzing sound of annoying flies. These pesky creatures seem to have made it their mission to invade your outdoor sanctuary. But fear not, for we have some tips and tricks up our sleeves to help you reclaim your outdoor spaces from these pesky annoyances. Get ready to enjoy your time outside without the constant disturbance of those annoying flies.

Types of Flies

House Flies

House flies, also known as Musca domestica, are one of the most common types of flies found in outdoor spaces. These flies are gray in color and have four dark stripes on their thorax. House flies are attracted to various food sources, including garbage, decaying matter, and animal feces. They are known for their quick movements and can be quite bothersome.

Fruit Flies

Fruit flies, scientifically known as Drosophila melanogaster, are small flies that are commonly found around ripe and decaying fruits. These flies are attracted to sugary substances and are often seen hovering around fruit bowls, trash cans, and compost bins. Fruit flies have a reddish-brown color and are known for their small size and characteristic red eyes.

Horse Flies

Horse flies, also referred to as Tabanidae, are larger flies that can be a nuisance in outdoor areas. These flies are known for their painful bites, which can be quite bothersome to humans and animals alike. Horse flies are attracted to warm-blooded hosts and are commonly found near bodies of water, including pools, lakes, and ponds.

Cluster Flies

Cluster flies, scientifically known as Pollenia spp., are a common sight in outdoor spaces during the fall season. These flies are often mistaken for house flies due to their similar appearance. However, cluster flies tend to cluster in large numbers in warm areas such as attics, causing a nuisance. They are not harmful to humans but can be quite irritating when present in large numbers.

Behavior and Habits

Feeding Habits

House flies, fruit flies, horse flies, and cluster flies have different feeding habits. House flies primarily feed on decaying organic matter, such as garbage, animal feces, and rotting food. Fruit flies, as their name suggests, are attracted to ripe and decaying fruits, as well as fermented liquids. Horse flies are bloodsuckers and feed on the blood of warm-blooded animals, including humans and livestock. Cluster flies, on the other hand, do not feed while indoors and primarily use attics for shelter during the colder months.

Breeding Habits

The breeding habits of flies vary depending on the species. House flies lay their eggs in decaying organic matter, such as garbage, manure, and compost. Female fruit flies lay their eggs on the surface of fermenting fruits or other sugary substances. Horse flies lay their eggs in moist areas near bodies of water, such as sandy or muddy areas. Cluster flies usually lay their eggs in soil or grassy areas, where the larvae can feed on earthworms.

Migratory Behavior

While house flies and fruit flies are not known for their migratory behavior, horse flies and cluster flies exhibit some migratory patterns. Horse flies are known to migrate in search of suitable breeding sites and hosts. They can travel long distances and are often seen near bodies of water during the warm summer months. Cluster flies, on the other hand, migrate indoors during the fall season to seek shelter from the cold.

Attracted to Garbage or Decaying Matter

House flies, fruit flies, and to some extent, cluster flies are attracted to garbage or decaying matter. These flies are drawn to the odor emitted by decaying organic materials, making them a common nuisance in outdoor spaces where garbage or compost bins are present. It is important to properly manage and dispose of garbage to reduce the attraction for these flies.

Health Risks

Transmission of Diseases

Flies, especially house flies, can transmit various diseases to humans and animals. They pick up pathogens while feeding on decaying matter, garbage, or animal feces, and then transfer them to surfaces and food. Some of the diseases that can be transmitted by flies include salmonellosis, E. coli infections, cholera, and typhoid fever. It is important to maintain good hygiene and prevent flies from coming into contact with food preparation areas.

Allergic Reactions

Some individuals may experience allergic reactions to fly bites. The bites of horse flies, in particular, can cause severe itching, swelling, and pain. If you develop a severe reaction, such as difficulty breathing or widespread swelling, seek medical attention immediately. It is important to protect yourself from fly bites, especially in areas where horse flies are prevalent.

Food Contamination

One of the major health risks associated with flies is food contamination. Flies, especially fruit flies, can land on food and transfer bacteria and other pathogens onto the surface. This can lead to foodborne illnesses if the contaminated food is consumed. It is crucial to cover food and maintain proper hygiene practices, especially during outdoor gatherings or picnics, to prevent food contamination by flies.

Preventing Fly Infestations

Proper Garbage Management

Proper garbage management is essential in preventing fly infestations. Dispose of garbage in tightly sealed containers and regularly empty them to prevent flies from being attracted to the smell. Keep outdoor garbage bins and compost piles away from living areas and ensure they have well-fitted lids.

Regular Cleaning and Sanitation

Regular cleaning and sanitation are key to keeping flies at bay. Clean up any spills or food remnants immediately and regularly wipe down surfaces in outdoor areas. Pay special attention to areas where food is prepared or consumed, such as picnic tables and BBQ grills.

Securing Outdoor Food and Trash

Securing outdoor food and trash is crucial to prevent fly infestations. Keep food covered with mesh or food nets to prevent flies from landing on it. Dispose of food waste in sealed containers and empty them regularly to avoid attracting flies.

Using Fly Repellents

Using fly repellents can be an effective way to keep flies away from outdoor spaces. Apply fly repellent sprays or lotions to exposed skin to deter flies from landing and biting. Consider using natural or DEET-free repellents for a more eco-friendly option.

Natural Remedies and Traps

Citronella Candles and Essential Oils

Citronella candles and essential oils are known for their fly-repellent properties. The scent of citronella naturally deters flies and can be used in outdoor areas to keep them away. Light citronella candles or use essential oil diffusers to create a fly-free zone.

Fly Paper Strips

Fly paper strips are an old-fashioned but effective way to catch flies. Hang the sticky strips in outdoor areas where flies are a problem, and they will be attracted to the scent and get trapped on the adhesive surface.

Fly Traps

There are various types of fly traps available on the market, ranging from sticky traps to ones that use attractants to lure flies. These traps can be hung or placed in outdoor spaces to catch flies and reduce their population.

Venus Flytrap

Venus flytraps are fascinating plants that can help control fly populations. These carnivorous plants have leaves that trap flies and other small insects. Place Venus flytraps in outdoor areas where flies are commonly seen to naturally control their numbers.

Professional Pest Control

Hiring Pest Control Services

If fly infestations persist despite your best efforts, consider hiring professional pest control services. Pest control experts have the knowledge and experience to effectively eliminate flies from outdoor spaces. They can assess the extent of the infestation and employ appropriate methods to control the fly population.

Chemical Treatments

Professional pest control services often use chemical treatments to eliminate flies. These treatments may include insecticides that target flies specifically. It is important to follow the instructions provided by the professionals and take necessary precautions to ensure the safety of humans and pets.

Fly Screen Installation

Installing fly screens on windows and doors is an effective way to prevent flies from entering indoor spaces. Fly screens allow for ventilation while keeping flies and other insects out. Consider installing fly screens in outdoor areas, such as patios or porches, to create a fly-free zone.

DIY Fly Control

Homemade Fly Traps

Homemade fly traps can be created using common household items. One simple DIY trap involves filling a jar with a mixture of sugar water and dish soap. Flies are attracted to the sweet scent and get trapped in the soapy solution. Place these traps strategically in outdoor areas to catch flies.

Herbs and Plants that Repel Flies

Certain herbs and plants have natural fly-repellent properties. Planting herbs like basil, lavender, mint, and rosemary in outdoor areas can help deter flies. These plants emit scents that flies find unpleasant, keeping them away from your outdoor spaces.

Citrus Peels

Flies have a natural aversion to citrus scents. Placing citrus peels, such as lemon or orange peels, in outdoor areas can help repel flies. The strong smell of citrus acts as a natural fly deterrent.

Maintaining Clean Outdoor Spaces

Regular maintenance and cleanliness of outdoor spaces are essential in fly control. Remove any decaying plant material or standing water, as these can attract flies. Mow the lawn regularly, trim overgrown vegetation, and keep outdoor areas free of debris to prevent fly infestations.

Fly Control for Specific Outdoor Areas

Patio or Deck

To control flies on your patio or deck, keep the area clean and free of food debris. Regularly sweep or hose down the area to remove any residue that may attract flies. Use citronella candles or essential oil diffusers to create a fly-repellent scent.

Garden or Vegetable Patch

Protect your garden or vegetable patch from fly infestations by maintaining good hygiene practices. Remove any decaying organic material and keep the area free from excess moisture. Consider using row covers or netting to physically prevent flies from accessing your plants.

Pool Area

Flies are often attracted to pools, especially if they are near bodies of water. Use pool covers when the pool is not in use to prevent flies from laying eggs in the water. Empty and clean pool filters regularly to remove any debris that may attract flies.

Picnic or BBQ Area

To keep flies away from your picnic or BBQ area, cover food with mesh or food nets. Dispose of food waste promptly and keep trash containers sealed. If possible, have a designated food preparation area away from the dining area to minimize fly attraction.

Dealing with Fly Bites

Treating Fly Bites

If you get bitten by a fly, clean the affected area with soap and water to reduce the risk of infection. Apply a cold compress or ice pack to alleviate any swelling or itching. Over-the-counter antihistamines or topical creams can also help provide relief.

Preventing Fly Bites

To prevent fly bites, wear long sleeves, long pants, and socks when spending time in areas where flies are prevalent. Use insect repellents containing DEET or other effective ingredients on exposed skin. Consider using mosquito nets or screens to provide a physical barrier against flies.


Flies can be an annoying presence in outdoor spaces, but by understanding their behavior and implementing appropriate preventive measures, you can keep them at bay. Proper garbage management, regular cleaning and sanitation, securing outdoor food and trash, and using fly repellents are effective ways to prevent fly infestations. Natural remedies, such as citronella candles and essential oils, fly traps, and the smart use of plants like Venus flytraps and citrus peels, can also aid in fly control. When necessary, professional pest control services can provide effective solutions for persistent fly problems. By taking proactive measures and adopting a comprehensive approach to fly control, you can ensure a fly-free and pleasant outdoor environment for yourself and others.


Hi, I'm Pest Control, the author behind Bug Masters Online. My mission is to provide you with the ultimate guide to conquering pests and regaining control of your space. At Bug Masters Online, we understand the importance of maintaining a pest-free environment in your home or business. That's why we offer a comprehensive range of products that tackle pest infestations head-on. Our website is not just a place to purchase products – it's a hub of knowledge where you can learn about different pests, their behaviors, habitats, and effective prevention strategies. With our carefully curated selection of products, you can say goodbye to frustrating flies and pesky mice. Let's put an end to your pest problems together.